Gluten-Free, Grain-Free Chicken Pad Thai

It’s somewhat surprising, but Pad Thai, despite being one of Thailand’s national dishes, is from Vietnam. Originally influenced by Chinese cuisine, the dish was relatively unknown in Thailand until the 20th century. It actually was part of a Thai government campaign in the 1940s to create a national dish that both reflected the Thai spirit and also increased rice noodle production to help propel their economy. There’s a really interesting history of the dish to be read here.

This recipe is a long time coming, and something we’ve been cooking for years. For a while I was content with pre-made sauces like Mae Ploy’s, but I was never happy with its high sugar content and the fact that it has MSG in it. So I decided to work out how to make it from scratch, and I couldn’t be happier with the resulting product. This is the real deal.

And to make things even more interesting, for this particular photo session I thought it would be neat to try out Cappello’s gluten-free, grain-free fettuccine noodles instead of our usual rice noodles, and I was surprised by how well they worked! Instructions on how to make them with traditional rice noodles and zucchini noodles are included as well.

Serves four

Pad Thai sauce (yields 1/2 cup)
2 tbsp tamarind paste or concentrate
2 tbsp fish sauce
20 macadamia nuts, chopped
1 tbsp honey (or palm sugar)
1 tsp salt and white pepper
1/2 tsp cayenne pepper (or 1 birds eye chili, deseeded and minced)
2 cloves garlic, minced
1 tbsp coconut oil

the rest:
6 boneless, skinless chicken thighs, sliced in bite-sized pieces (about 2 lbs)
1/2 tsp each salt and white pepper
2 eggs
9oz noodles: Cappello’s, rice noodles, or zucchini pasta
1/4 cup juliened carrots
1 small handful bean sprouts (optional)
20 macadamia nuts, chopped
1 small handful chopped cilantro
2 tsp lime juice
coconut oil (in 1 tbsp increments, probably 6 tbsp altogether)

The key to an authentic-tasting Pad Thai is tamarind. You can buy it fresh, in a block (often referred to as “wet tamarind”), or in a liquid concentrate/paste. It is also an essential element in sour soups found in Southeast Asia, and is added for tanginess in South Indian curries.

Let’s make your sauce first. In a small pan, warm 1 tbsp coconut oil on medium/low heat. Add the finely-chopped macadamia nuts and minced garlic, and toast for one minute.

Add the remaining ingredients, and simmer until well mixed and slightly thickened, about four minutes. Set the sauce aside for now.

In a wok or similarly-shaped pan, warm 1 tbsp of coconut oil on medium heat for a minute or two. Add the chicken thighs and sprinkle with some salt and pepper. Sauté, in batches as needed, and brown on both sides. Add additional oil as needed. Should take about three minutes per side to cook through. Just as the chicken finishes, set it aside; don’t overcook – the chicken will be returned to the pan in a few minutes and you don’t want to dry it out. As you cook it in batches, cover the chicken that has already been cooked.

As your chicken cooks, let’s prep your other ingredients. If using Cappello’s fettucine like I did, drop it in boiling water for 45 seconds, drain and rinse with cold water, and mix in 1 tsp oil (I used macadamia nut oil) to keep it from sticking as it sits.

Similarly, you could use rice noodles or zucchini noodles. If using rice noodles, soak them in warm water for 30 minutes, then dip in boiling water for about 15 seconds, drain and rinse with cold water, and mix with 1 tsp oil. Zucchini noodles don’t need to be pre-cooked.

Scramble your eggs and set them aside. When making Pad Thai or fried rice, I like to do what I call a “late scramble”: I don’t pre-beat my eggs, but crack them into the pan, let them cook for a few seconds, and the half-heartedly scramble them as they cook. The resulting eggs are a pretty mix of both white and yellow scramble.

Once you have your other ingredients prepped and in their own bowls for easy access, let’s put it all together. One thing to note is that we’re going to make each bowl individually – if you tried to add everything in at once you’d get a mushy and unappealing end product. It’s worth the extra little effort.

A pair of sturdy chopsticks or some tongs are going to be your best tools for tossing everything while keeping your delicate noodles intact. Also, since this meal serves four, we’re going to add each ingredient in fourths.

Warm your pan/wok to med/high, adding 1 tbsp coconut oil until shimmering. Add 1/4 of the chicken, toss, and add 1/4 of the sauce, and toss again.

Throw in the noodles, toss and let cook for about 20 seconds, then add in the remaining ingredients in this order (1/4 at a time): carrots, bean sprouts (if using, I didn’t), macadamia nuts, cilantro, and lime juice. As you add each ingredient, gently toss before adding the next ingredient.

Repeat these steps three more times for each batch, and you’ll be done in no time.

So there you have it. Most of the work is done at the front-end of this recipe, so putting it all together at the end is a bit of a breeze. Garnish with lime wedges and cilantro, and enjoy.

– This variation does just as well with shrimp, sliced pork, and sliced beef. Or a combination of them.
– If you buy tamarind paste in a block, it’s a good idea to warm it up in a pan and melt it a little (add water if needed), then strain any leftover pieces of shell out.

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14 thoughts on “Gluten-Free, Grain-Free Chicken Pad Thai

  1. Io adoro il cibo thai ed anche cinese e giapponese. Non so cosa darei per averne un piatto oggi, ma sono a dieta e mi toccheranno solo verdure scondite, yogurt, frutta e se sarà brava, forse un pezzo di pane! Aiutoooo!


  2. Russ, another top notch recipe! :)

    I’m currently eating on a higher carb side, but I still hadn’t reintroduced rice yet – until today, with this recipe. It wasn’t even planned, but I noticed the supermarket I went today had tamarind paste and I just got reminded of this. So I got some noodles and chicken too.

    How good what it? It was, hands down, the best thing I’ve cooked lately. I guess the pasta-like looks and taste helps. Now I only regret not having made enough to pack leftovers for lunch tomorrow.

    Just two more things: it helps when you say how many servings the recipes yields, think you should do it more often :) Also, if you’re cooking this alone, how much time would you take? I felt this was gonna be quick, but with the prep and cooking it took me almost an hour (I wonder because I now feel like having this once every week!)

    Thanks again!


    1. Dinis, glad you liked it! Earlier this year I made a decision to try and put how many servings each dish makes, but I often forget to do it when I’m posting – I guess old habits really do die hard! And I’ll let you in on a secret – when making my blog recipes I’m usually cooking three or four recipes at once, so I’m terrible and guessing how long each dish should take :) I would say that the longest part of this particular dish would be waiting for the rice noodles to soak, everything else is pretty quick – even faster if you use shrimp. I think if you timed everything right, and did most of your prep work while the rice noodles soak, you could knock out this dish exactly 45 minutes. Hope that helps!


      1. The noodles I got recommend a 3 minute boil followed by cold water – so that was fast. But yes, the chicken takes a bit of time (I used breasts). Will try it with shrimp the next time :)


  3. Very yummy recipe! My husband (who is a professional chef) really liked it & even had seconds and ate the leftovers I’d set aside for my lunch today, so it must’ve been good! Added bonus – my 2 yr old liked it (with a little less sauce of course.) Once I found the tamarind (didn’t have it at my normal grocery or at the Natural Grocer by my house – finally found it at World Market) it was a pretty easy dish to make. Any recipe that includes Cappello’s instantly has my attention, and the linguine didn’t disappoint on this one!

    One suggestion on the recipe – when you’re instructing how to put together each serving, you didn’t include mention of adding the egg…being the robot that I am, I almost forgot it on the first one & added it at the end, but added it after the pasta on the rest. :-)

    I did initially find the sauce very salty & ended up adding a little rice vinegar to cut that back a little bit, so next time I might not add the extra t. of salt and also would be a bit more sparing with the oil throughout. After making the sauce, I looked at the bottle of fish sauce & it has a TON of sodium, so I don’t know if there are any out there with less – I might try to look for one.

    In any case, my husband told me that for a non-Asian, I made a pretty mean pad thai. Thanks for sharing!


  4. We made this last night and it was DELICIOUS!!! Thanks so much! Your blog and dedication to great healthy food is amazing!!


  5. My sauce got hard and clumpy when I added the fish sauce. I used the tamarind chunk from the Asian market. Any idea on how to prevent this from happening? It was delicious but would like it to look good when I serve it to.


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