Dolma are stuffed grape leaves, originating in Turkey but expanding all over the Mediterranean, Middle East, and beyond. Their filling can be anything from tomatoes, to eggplant, to meat – really, you can’t go wrong with stuffing these little guys. This particular recipe is the Greek variation, called Dolmathes (an interesting use of Greek plural endings in a foreign word); they are made with rice, ground beef, and fresh herbs. And lemon juice! A whole lemon’s worth. The resulting flavor is both sour, salty, and rich, and is a perfect party dish to accompany other finger foods.
I was first drawn to this dish because it’s a one-stop-macronutrient-shop; it’s equal parts carbs, protein, and fats, ending up in a deeply satisfying experience. The only break from the norm that I adapted in this recipe was to cook the rice in chicken broth instead of water, in order to increase its nutritional profile and tastiness.
Before we move on, let’s have the white rice talk again. As you may know, I find rice to be a perfectly healthy and Paleo-friendly food, since it is very low in toxins (compared to brown rice, and even some common Paleo foods, like coconut). Common questions I get: But what about its glycemic load? Basmati rice (like in this recipe) has a very low glycemic load even compared to other rices, and when paired with protein, fats, and acids, it’s further reduced, and significantly so. But what about arsenic? There are some studies that show there is arsenic in rice, but the amount of arsenic in rice is lower than the arsenic found in other foods (3x less than what’s found in drinking water, for example). But it’s nutritionally poor? Cook it in broth, like in this recipe!
Anyway, those are the most common rice questions I get – be sure to leave more in the comments below if you have any. At the end of the day, I think that white rice is a good thing to have on the table; it’s delicious, and if having a bit of rice as part of a meal helps keep cravings for other (unhealthier) foods at bay, go for it – provided you tolerate it well.
It’s a good idea to use a fairly large amount of fresh herbs, which bring a bright flavor to the rolls when paired with lemon juice.
Dolma (Stuffed Grape Leaves)
1/3 cup white basmati rice, soaked for 30 minutes
1 tbsp olive oil
1 onion, finely chopped
4 cloves garlic, minced
1 lb ground beef
1 small handful fresh dill, chopped
1 small handful fresh parsley, chopped
1 tsp sea salt
1/2 tsp black pepper
1 16oz jar grape leaves (about 50 leaves)
2 tbsp olive oil
juice of one lemon (2 tbsp)
~1 qt chicken broth
lemon slices to garnish
1. Soak the rice in cold water for 30 minutes, then drain. In a skillet, heat the olive oil over medium heat, then add the onion; sauté until softened, stirring often, about 4 minutes. Add the garlic and sauté until fragrant, about 1 minute. Add the ground beef and cook until almost no pink remains, about 6 minutes, then add the drained rice, dill, parsley, salt, and pepper. Sauté for 2 minutes then remove from heat and set aside to cool as you prep the grape leaves.
2. Remove the grape leaves from the jar and gently rinse and dry. Line the bottom of a stockpot with 5 or 6 grape leaves (to prevent the stuffed rolls from sticking to the bottom of the pot).
3. Set one grape leaf in front of you, stem-side facing you and with the veins facing up. Scoop about 1/2 tbsp of the mixture into the center of a leaf (as pictured below), then fold in the sides and tightly roll the rest. Line the stockpot with the rolled leaves, seam-side-down, in a circular pattern; try to use a wide stockpot and make no more than 2 layers (saves on broth). You should have about 40 rolls.
4. Drizzle the olive oil and lemon juice over the rolled leaves, then add enough chicken broth into the stockpot to nearly cover the leaves. Place a heat-resistant plate over the leaves, face-down, to hold them in place. Weight the plate down if you’d like. Cover and bring to a simmer over medium heat (listen for sounds of bubbling), then reduce heat to low and cook until the rice is tender and most of the broth has been absorbed, about 45 minutes. Remove from heat and allow to cool for 10 minutes.
5. Uncover the pot and carefully remove the plate, then use some tongs to gently remove the stuffed grape leaves. Arrange them on a plate; drizzle any remaining broth over the leaves, garnish with lemon slices, and serve.
** Some people like to cool their leaves in the pot overnight in the fridge, in order to help the flavors develop and for the Dolmathes to retain their shape. That’s cool in my book.
** Some Greek recipes call for drizzling an egg-lemon sauce (called Avgolemono) over the grape leaves before serving. To make this sauce, whisk two egg yolks in a bowl until frothy, then whisk in 2 tbsp lemon juice. Heat 1/2 cup of chicken stock in a pan until simmering, then slowly whisk it into the egg/lemon mixture. Return the mixture to your pan and whisk over low heat until it thickens, about 4-5 minutes, then add salt and pepper to taste.
** Feel free to experiment with different fillings; Turkish and Iranian variations of this dish in particular are great, which can include more exotic spices like cumin or saffron.
Jarred grape leaves are par-boiled and easy to work with, just remember to rinse the vinegar off the leaves. If you have access to fresh leaves, they work just as well – simply par-boil them for two minutes and run under cool water.
Once you get a good rolling technique down, you can knock this step out pretty quickly – don’t let the idea of rolling a bunch of grape leaves deter you from trying this one out.